National accounts

GDP and Non-financial Accounts


Gross domestic product (GDP) is the most well-known indicator from the national accounts. It measures total output (or production) of a country’s economy. The ‘output’ measure of GDP is calculated as the sum of gross values added by each sector of the economy. By definition, GDP is also equal to the value of the income earned from this activity (the ‘income’ measure of GDP), and the total amount spent on final goods and services by residents and non-residents less the value of imports (the ‘expenditure’ or ‘final demand’ measure of GDP). All three measures give the same number in a given period. The accounts are compiled in line with the international standards of the 2008 System of National Accounts (SNA)

GDP is only one of many indicators from the national accounts. For those wanting to go ‘beyond GDP’ to build a fuller picture of people’s economic well-being, the non-financial accounts contain indicators for the household sector such as disposable income (including pensions and other social benefits), the value of health and education services, and measures of consumption, saving and borrowing. They also provide analysis of firms’ investments, value added and productivity.

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GDP and components

National Accounts At a Glance (annual)

Household indicators dashboard (quarterly)  

Production, employment and investment

  • Compensation of employees by basic activity classification:
                > GDP and components – income approach: annual | quarterly

Income, consumption, saving and borrowing


Non-financial accounts including sector accounts

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GDP and components (SNA93)

Income, consumption, saving and borrowing (SNA93)

Non-financial accounts including sector accounts (SNA93)

Production, employment and investment (SNA93)


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Methodology and guidance

Annual National Accounts

Quarterly National Accounts



Other National Accounts subjects



For further questions you can contact the OECD Statistics and Data Directorate.



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