Digitalisation has reshaped competitive dynamics in the economy, creating new markets and transforming existing ones. This presents a multifaceted challenge for competition authorities and policymakers. They must grapple with uncertainty in rapidly evolving markets, address new forms of misconduct, and examine markets whose precise boundaries are unclear. At the same time, mounting concerns about conduct in digital markets and indicators of growing market power have led to calls for new competition policy tools and the more active use of existing ones.
08/11/2023 - Prepared for the G7 Joint Competition Policy Makers and Enforcers Summit, this inventory gathers proposed or enacted legislative reforms that have been developed to address digital competition issues in G7 and other jurisdictions. It proposes an objective comparison of “ex ante” regulations in digital markets, based on their status, scope, institutional setting and content. It encompasses detailed information on legislative reforms captured under 9 categories and 44 sub-categories of variables, using a fixed frame that could be applied to all current and future reforms.
An analytical note accompanies the inventory and draws some high-level findings, highlighting common patterns and points of convergence and divergence across jurisdictions.
The 2023 inventory and analytical note produced by the OECD were submitted to the G7 Joint Competition Policy Makers and Enforcers Summit, which took place on 08 November 2023 in Tokyo in the framework of Japan’s G7 presidency.
The first version of the inventory and accompanying note were issued in the framework of Germany’s G7 presidency in October 2022.
23 February 2022 - Launched during the 2022 Competition Open Day, the OECD Handbook on Competition Policy in the Digital Age provides a new resource for competition authorities, policymakers, researchers and anyone else interested in digital competition policy. It highlights the key messages from the extensive body of OECD work in this area to date, including anticompetitive conduct, merger control and remedies. The Handbook provides links to all of our digital competition work, making it easier to explore the wealth of background papers, country contributions, and other resources available on over 40 topics. It also contains our views on the road ahead for digital competition policy, including the need for co-ordination among jurisdictions as they transition from diagnosing concerns, to implementing solutions.
BEST PRACTICE ROUNDTABLES
Digital Evidence Gathering in Cartel Investigations, Latin American and Caribbean Competition Forum, 2020
Practical Approaches to Assessing Digital Platform Markets for Competition Law Enforcement, Latin American and Caribbean Competition Forum, 2019
Consumer-facing remedies, 2018
The digital economy, 2012
Is Competition Policy the Right Response to the Crisis of Journalism?, CPI Column, February 2022
Data-driven Platform Envelopment with Privacy-Policy Tying, February 2021
Digital Ecosystems – a New Economic Paradigm?, January 2021
Acquisition Killed the Innovation Star?, October 2020
BigTech vs BigBang: Competition in Financial Services, January 2020
Innovation and Competition in Financial Markets, January 2020
Charting the way forward for digital competition policy, December 2019
Algorithms and competition: Friends or Foes, CPI Chronicle, Aug 2017
New energy in the electricity sector, May 2017