2019 Latin American and Caribbean Competition Forum


 24-25 September 2019    San Pedro Sula, Honduras 

The 17th meeting of the Latin American Competition Forum took place in San Pedro Sula, Honduras on 24-25 September 2019. It was hosted by the Honduras Competition Authority, the Comisión para la Defensa y Promoción de la Competencia (CDPC). 









2019 Latin American and Caribbean Competition Forum

Session 1. Fining methodologies for competition law infringements


Across Latin America and the Caribbean, competition law offenders are often subject to fines. These fines can play a critical role in deterring anti-competitive conduct such as collusion and abuse of dominance by making unlawful conduct less profitable. Even when other penalties are present, fines are an important element of the competition authority’s toolkit. The existence of substantial fines can, in the case of cartels, contribute to instability of the cartel conduct by increasing the likelihood of leniency applications. Since 2013, when the LACCF last examined the issue of fining methodologies, much has changed, not only in the region but also internationally, in fining methodologies, guidelines and legislation. This session reviewed current fining methodologies in a variety of jurisdictions, highlighting both similarities and differences in the way fines are calculated and applied.


Background documentation

Background Note by the Secretariat  English | Español  • Presentations • Call for contributions English | Español

Contributions from participants

Costa Rica (COPROCOM):  English | Español

Chile (FNE):   English | Español

Dominican Republic:  English | Español

Ecuador:  English | Español

Honduras:   English | Español

Mexico:  English | Español

Peru:  English | Español

Portugal: English | Español

United States:  English | Español

Suggested bibliography (Full bibliography available in the call for contributions) 

Session 2. Peer Review of El Salvador's Competition Law and Policy

About Peer Reviews

The mechanisms of peer review vary, but it is founded upon the willingness of a country to submit its laws and policies to substantive questioning by other peers. The process provides valuable insights into the country under study, getting to the heart of ways in which each country deals with competition and regulatory issues, from the soundness of its competition laws to the structure and effectiveness of its competition institutions. 

El Salvador has already undergone a first peer review in 2008. In 2019, El Salvador’s competition law and policy was subject to such a review. The final report, including recommendations to strengthen El Salvador’s competition framework will be launched early 2020. 


Previous Peer Reviews in El Salvador and in Latin American countries

El Salvador Competition Peer Review cover 2008

2008 Peer Review in El Salvador

2007 Follow-up Peer Reviews of
Argentina, Brazil, Chile,
Mexico and Peru

Follow-up to the Nine Peer Reviews of Competition Law and Policy of Latin American Countries - cover‌ 

2012 Follow-up Peer Reviews of
Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia,
El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico,
Panama and Peru

See also:

Peer Review of Peru, 2018

Peer Review of Costa Rica, 2014

Peer Review of Honduras, 2011

Full list of OECD countries reviews of competition policy framework 

Session 3. Practical approaches to assessing digital platform markets for competition law enforcement


Platform markets are not new: competition authorities have been assessing competition in radio, television, newspaper, and classified advertisement markets, among others, since the introduction of competition law. However, with digitalisation, the size of these markets, and the frequency with which competition authorities will be required to assess them, is on the rise. Competition authorities face the challenge of applying the growing academic literature on platform markets in the context of the usual constraints of case work; namely, limited time, access to data and resources. This session focused on practical approaches for assessing platform competition for mergers and antitrust cases, and highlight the types of platform markets that may be particularly relevant in a Latin American and Caribbean context.


Background documentation

Background paper by the Secretariat English | Español • Presentations • Call for contributions  English | Español


Contributions from participants

Brazil: English | Español

Colombia: English | Español

Ecuador: English | Español

Mexico: English | Español


Suggested bibliography (Full bibliography is in the call for contributions)

Final session. Evaluation and future work

Other meetings of the week

23 September 2019 (afternoon): Special session: Peer Review of Mexico's Competition Law and Policy
24 September 2019 (morning): National Competition Day of Honduras
26 September 2019 (morning): Ibero-American Forum on Competition 
26 September 2019 (afternoon): Meeting of the Latin American Regional Centre for Competition (bilingual)


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