Decarbonising Buildings in Cities and Regions


OECD Global Survey on Buildings and Climate (2024)


The OECD Programme on Decarbonising Buildings in Cities and Regions is providing the Policy Highlights and the 28 country profiles for the Buildings and Climate Global Forum

Financial and in-kind support was provided by the Ministry of Ecological Transition and Territorial Cohesion of France (MTECT).


Policy Highlights

The Policy Highlights offer a comprehensive summary of key findings from the OECD Global Survey on Buildings and Climate (2024). The survey started in September 2023, and 28 countries have participated to date. Participating countries are: Belgium (Flanders), Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Israel, Italy, ivory Coast, Japan, Korea, Lithuania, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, the United Kingdom, and the United States.


Policy Highlights are available here


Country Profiles


Belgium [Flanders] (pdf-en)

Korea (pdf-en)

Brazil (pdf-en)

Lithuania (pdf-en)

Canada (pdf-en

Mexico (pdf-en)

Colombia (pdf-en)

Netherlands‌ (pdf-en)

Costa Rica (pdf-en)

Norway (pdf-en)

Finland (pdf-en)

Philippines (pdf-en)

France (pdf-en

Poland (pdf-en)

Germany (pdf-en)

Singapore (pdf-en)

Greece (pdf-en)

Spain (pdf-en)

Iceland (pdf-en)

Sweden (pdf-en)

Israel (pdf-en)

Switzerland (pdf-en

Italy (pdf-en)

Thailand (pdf-en)

Ivory Coast (pdf-en)

United Kingdom (pdf-en)

Japan (pdf-en)

United States (pdf-en)


For further information on country profiles, please check the guide note here

Implementing a place-based approach to decarbonise buildings is key to developing sustainable, inclusive and resilient cities and regions


What's the issue?

A net-zero carbon future cannot happen without decarbonising buildings, since buildings and the construction sector account for nearly 40% of energy-related global CO2 emissions. The OECD project “Decarbonising Buildings in Cities and Regions” aims to identify best practices and challenges for both national and subnational governments in driving the decarbonisation of buildings. The project has started in 2021 with a multi-level governance framework to guide building policies, including energy efficient retrofits, installing high performance equipment and promoting renewable energy. Besides saving energy and reducing CO2 emissions, decarbonising buildings also brings multiple benefits such as reducing energy bills, improving health and creating green jobs. Using the framework as a foundation, the project provides more specific place-based analysis taking into account regional differences. The project can provide analysis of current bottlenecks in scaling up decarbonising measures and propose recommendations for both national and subnational policy makers.



Synthesis report: Decarbonising Buildings in Cities and Regions (2022)

Case study report

Decarbonising homes in cities in the Netherlands: a neighbourhood approach



What can the OECD offer?

The OECD Programme Decarbonising Buildings in Cities and Regions supports local, regional and national governments to design urban policies that enhance the implementation of decarbonisation measures in the built environment through:

    • Data and analysis: collecting quantitative and qualitative data in cities on decarbonising buildings (energy efficiency, embodied carbon), building digitalisation (BIM, smart buildings) and related policy environments in order to conducts in-depth analysis;

    • Self-assessment: developing self-assessment tools to help policy makers to design appropriate policies and identifying opportunities and barriers in implementation;

    • Country-specific and city-specific case studies: providing peer-learning opportunities and targeted policy recommendations to support local and national efforts to develop place-based building decarbonisation policies.








Global Forum on Buildings and Climate

Date: March 7 – 8 2024

Venue: Paris, France

 Event link here






 bangkok BEE

 Seminar on “Sustainable Buildings and Cities"

  • Date: January 18  2024
  • Venue: Bangkok, Thailand



BEE for web

2023 Policy Seminar

12-13 Ocober 2023



2022  Policy Seminar

28 November 2022



Seminar - Unleashing the Potential of Public Policies for Building Decarbonisation

9-10 December 2021



Webinar - Decarbonising Buildings in Cities and Regions

14 December 2020


Speaker Presentations

Webinar Summary

Watch the recording


Related information

Decarbonizing heat in the European buildings sector: options, progress and challenges, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies


The role of cities and local specificities in the decarbonization of heat in the European buildings sector, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies


For further information, please contact,


Documents connexes


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