Strengthening the Governance of Skills Systems

Lessons from Six OECD Countries

The governance of skills systems has always raised a number of challenges for governments. Being at the intersection of education, labour market, industrial and other policy domains, managing skills policies is inherently complex. Addressing these challenges is more than ever crucial as globalisation, technological progress and demographic change are putting daunting pressures on skills systems to ensure that all members of society are equipped with the skills necessary to thrive in a rapidly changing world. Strengthening the Governance of Skills Systems: Lessons from Six OECD Countries provides advice on how to make the governance of skills systems effective. Building on the OECD Skills Strategy 2019, which identified four main challenges of skills systems governance, the report presents examples of how six different countries (Estonia, Germany, Korea, Norway, Portugal and the United States) have responded to one or several of these challenges. It also outlines concrete policy recommendations together with a self-assessment tool which provides guidance to policy makers and stakeholders for designing better skills systems that deliver better skills outcomes.

Published on March 27, 2020

In series:OECD Skills Studiesview more titles


Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Introduction and theoretical framework
Case Study: The Estonian Education Information System (EHIS)
Case study: The Alliance for Initial and Further Training in Germany
Case study: Lifelong learning in Korea
Case study: Norway’s Skills Policy Council and Future Skills Needs Committee
Case study: Portugal’s National Agency for Qualification and Vocational Education and Training (ANQEP)
Case study: Massachusetts’ (United States) Early Warning Indicator System (EWIS)
Conclusion and general policy recommendations
Self-assessment tool
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