Biodiversity, water and natural resource management


Scaling-up Finance Mechanisms for Biodiversity

This report examines six mechanisms that can be used to scale-up financing for biodiversity conservation and sustainable use and to help meet the 2011-20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets. The mechanisms are environmental fiscal reform, payments for ecosystem services, biodiversity offsets, green markets, biodiversity in climate change funding, and biodiversity in international development finance. Drawing on literature and more than 40 case studies worldwide, this book addresses the following questions: What are these mechanisms and how do they work? How much finance have they mobilised and what potential is there to scale this up? And what are the key design and implementation issues that need to be addressed so that governments can ensure these mechanisms are environmentally effective, economically efficient and distributionally equitable?

Published on May 24, 2013Also available in: French


Executive Summary
Global biodiversity loss
The role of finance mechanisms in biodiversity conservation and sustainable use
Environmental fiscal reform
Payments for ecosystem services
Biodiversity offsets
Markets for green products
Biodiversity in climate change funding
Biodiversity in international development finance
Comparing across the mechanisms
Annexes3 chapters available
Innovative finance mechanisms and the Convention on Biological Diversity
Multilateral and bilateral initiatives for REDD+
Examples of safeguards applied in REDD+
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