2022 Latin American and Caribbean Competition Forum


 27-28 September 2022    Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 

The 20th meeting of the Latin American Competition Forum took place on 27-28 September 2022 in hybrid format in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

It was hosted by the Administrative Council for Economic Defense (CADE) and co-organised by the OECD and the IDB.



Agenda • Orden del día

Summary record • Pictures • Acta resumida


2022 Latin American and Caribbean Competition Forum

 View pictures of the 2022 edition



Session 1. Strengthening incentives for leniency agreements

Leniency programmes have played an important role in cartel enforcement in the Latin America and the Caribbean region, complementing ex officio investigations efforts. By 2020, at least 12 countries in the region have adopted a leniency programme, i.e. Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru and Uruguay demonstrating a generalized  consensus about the usefulness of this enforcement tool.

This LACCF session discussed the recent trend related to the decrease of leniency applications, its causes and ways to address this issue by strengthening the incentives for leniency policy.

Background documentation

Call for contributions  • English | Español

OECD Note • English | Español

Background Note by CADE Brazil  • English | Español

Scott D. Hammond, Partner, Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher and co-chair of the firm’s Antitrust and Competition Practice Group Bio

Natalie Harsdorf-Borsch, Acting Director General, Federal Austrian Competition Authority 

Francisco Schertel Mendes, Legislative Consultant of the Federal Senate in the areas of Economic Law, Business Law and Consumer Law Bio

Contributions from participants
Argentina  EnglishEspañol
Colombia EnglishEspañol
Costa Rica EnglishEspañol
Ecuador EnglishEspañol
El Salvador EnglishEspañol
Mexico EnglishEspañol
Peru EnglishEspañol
Spain EnglishEspañol
United States EnglishEspañol
Suggested bibliography and related links

Session 2. Market Definition in the Oil and Gas Sector

Oil and natural gas are major energy sources in the world and play a key role in the global economy including in Latin America and the Caribbean. They represent together around 67% of the world’s total final consumption by energy source, followed by electricity related sources (i.e. hydroelectric, nuclear plants), biofuels, and coal. The figure is similar in Central and South America, where they represent together around 60% of total consumption by energy source. When considered the total supply of energy, they also represent a significant share and reach almost 90% of total energy supply in certain Latin American countries such as Mexico (IEA, 2021).

This session focused mainly on competition enforcement of market definition issues in the downstream segment of the oil and gas industries. Both product and geographic dimensions were addressed as they play an important role in the assessment of market power and consequently the competition analysis in concrete cases. This may include updates in methodologies to improve the definition of relevant markets, the interplay between products that have some degree of substitutability but are usually defined as separate relevant markets, tying and bundling strategies, vertical integration matters, and the general legal requirement to define relevant markets in enforcement cases. The session intended to cover the legal, economic, and practical dimensions of market definition in the gas sector.

Background documentation

Call for contributions • English | Español

OECD Issues Note • English | Español



Vinicius Carvalho, Professor, University of São Paulo and former President, CADE, Brazil Bio 

Javier Tapia, Executive-Director, Asociación de Transmisores and former Judge at Competition Tribunal, Chile  

Pablo Trevisan, Lawyer-Partner Trevisán Abogados, and former Commissioner, CNDC, Argentina 

Pamela Sittenfeld, Chief of staff, Minister of Foreign Trade, Costa Rica 


Contributions from participants

Colombia English | Español

European Union  English | Español

Mexico English | Español



Suggested bibliography and related links (Full bibliography available in the call for contributions)

Session 3. Media mergers

The media industry is very broad and includes several services. The media sector incorporates both the production of content, such as news, entertainment, education and research, as well as its distribution through the means of mass communication. Mass media includes the press, television and radio broadcasting, film producing, video streaming, video games, online publishing, social media and podcasting, among others.

As it has been witnessed, the media industry is constantly evolving, driven recently by the digital economy, new and disruptive digitization technologies, the emergence of global and local market participants, and new distribution channels, propelled by technological convergence or evolution, all of which have had impacts in media value chain dynamics.

This session focused on the assessment of media mergers considering the new configuration of the media industry driven by the technological evolution and changes in consumer behaviour, as well as the growing importance of online services and large tech companies. In particular, the session considered the role played by the digital platforms and the OTT content distributors in the media industry, and their competition implications.

Background documentation

Call for contributions • English | Español

OECD note • English | Español

Background Note by Mexico • English | Español

Contributions from participants

Mexico • English | Español

Portugal • English | Español

Spain • English | Español



Martin Peitz, Professor of Economics, at the University of Mannheim 

Feng Zhu, Professor of Business Administration, Harvard Business School, Harvard University Bio

Diana Moss, President, American Antitrust Institute 

Aleksandra Boutin, Founding Partner, Positive Competition Bio 





Suggested bibliography (Full bibliography available in the call for contributions)

See also:

Competition Law and Policy in Latin America


Full list of OECD Competition Policy Roundtables

OECD Competition

Other meetings of the week 

27 September 2022: National Competition Day of Brazil English

29 September 2022: Ibero-American Forum on Competition English | Español

29 September 2022: Meeting of the Regional Competition Center for the Americas (CRC) English | Español


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