Gender equality and work
Despite progress, women still fare worse than men in labour markets. Differences in employment rates, participation in part-time work, compensation and work quality lead to gender gaps in earnings and career advancement. This contributes to lower lifetime earnings and a greater risk of old-age poverty for women.
Gender discrimination in social norms: Measuring the invisible
The discrimination embedded in social institutions – laws, social norms and practices – is a key driver of gender inequality, restricting the ability of women and girls to contribute to society and the economy. The OECD’s Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures such gender discrimination across 179 countries.
Gender mainstreaming in policymaking
Policies are not always neutral; gender bias may be hiding in government decision making, which risks exacerbating inequality and discrimination. Gender mainstreaming, a strategic approach that integrates a gender lens in policymaking, can help governments achieve more equitable outcomes. This can help boost public trust in governments, reinforce democratic institutions and combat gender stereotypes.