English, PDF, 529kb
Israel has built a universal health system at relatively low-cost. Health spending was 7.5% of GDP in 2013, below the OECD average of 8.9% although the health spending share of GDP has been increasing rapidly, particularly in recent years. Israel has developed a sophisticated programme to monitor quality of primary care.
English, PDF, 357kb
Despite a relatively good performance on several points compared to other countries, there is still scope for improving the effectiveness of Israel’s taxation policy from an environmental perspective.
English, PDF, 321kb
Israel has built a good healthcare system, combining universal coverage with a degree of competition and choice. However, some risks remain, at least in the medium term.
English, PDF, 297kb
Israel’s economy is threatened by a series of serious skills shortages arising from a retirement wave among highly-skilled migrants.