Competition for-the-market




Some products have characteristics that lead firms to compete to be the supplier of a whole market of product or services, rather than for market share (whether it be a share of units, of contracts or of consumer relationships). These might for example include: i) natural monopolies (with large economies of scale); ii) publicly-funded monopolies (that would not be provided by markets); iii) legally-protected monopolies (e.g. products protected by intellectual property rights); and d) platform monopolies (e.g. digital platforms with powerful direct or cross-platform network effects that generate increasing value from scale). 

In December 2019, the Global Forum on Competition held a roundtable on competition for-the-market which focused on the first of these categories, natural monopolies, and publicly-funded monopolies, particularly on the enforcement challenges that arise when concessions are offered on these services. 




Elisabetta IOSSA Bio 
Full Professor of Economics, University of Rome Tor Vergata

Founding Partner, Macmillan Keck 


Call for contributions 

OECD Background note

Paper by Elisabetta Iossa

Paper by Rory Macmillan

Summaries of contributions

Executive Summary with key findings

Detailed Summary of the discussion 





Hong Kong, China



Mexico (COFECE & IFT)



Russian Federation

South Africa

United States



Related links

OECD Handbook on Competition Policy in the Digital Age

Competition and Regulation in the Provision of Local Transportation Services, 2022

Fighting Bid Rigging in IMSS Procurement: Impact of OECD Recommendations, 2018

Fighting Bid rigging in public procurement, Report on implementing the OECD Recommendation, 2016

Competition and the use of tenders and auctions, OECD Policy Roundtables 2014

Guidelines for fighting bid rigging in public procurement

Competition in Public Procurement Markets, by Gian Luigi Albano, OECD Policy Roundtables 2017

Checklist for protecting competition when splitting contracts into lots, OECD Public Procurement Toolbox

Checklist for protecting competition when managing the risks of very low tenders, OECD Public Procurement Toolbox

Concessions, OECD Policy Roundtables 2006

Competition in Bidding Markets, OECD Policy Roundtables 2006

OECD Competition Youtube channel

Global Forum website

Full list of Competition Policy Roundtables



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