Urbanisation and Conflicts in North and West Africa

North and West Africa are undergoing rapid urbanisation. While cities and urban areas have always been sites of conflict, given their political and economic importance, many insurgencies, rebellions and separatist movements are associated with rural areas. Has increased urbanisation led to increased conflict in cities or do conflicts stay predominantly rural? Combining a regional and local perspective, this report examines and maps the rural-urban geography of conflict in North and West Africa since the late 1990s. A qualitative analysis of ten cities helps to illuminate the local sources of conflict. At a time of increasing violence in West Africa, the report lays out a solid foundation for policy makers, experts and researchers to develop more security and development place-based policies.

Published on March 21, 2023Also available in: French

In series:West African Studiesview more titles


The Sahel and West Africa Club
The team and acknowledgments
Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive Summary
How cities shape conflict in North and West Africa
Cities, urbanisation and violence
Mapping urban and rural violence in North and West Africa
The changing geography of conflict in North and West Africa
Is violence becoming more urban in North and West Africa?
Powered by OECD iLibrary