Checklist for development co-operation providers

all checklists

Key mechanisms

Multi-level governance and policy cycles

  • Engage in dialogues across levels of governance to identify areas where development co operation can better support partner countries in strengthening climate resilience.
  • Support the development of institutional arrangements for stakeholder participation to promote inclusive, transparent and gender-responsive decision making, as well as knowledge exchange on climate resilience approaches.
  • Support partner countries to establish or enhance adaptive decision-making processes for climate resilience in the context of the uncertainties presented by climate change.
  • Work with partner countries to develop or strengthen governance arrangements that enhance policy coherence between climate resilience and other development agendas, and financially support them where relevant.
  • Support partner countries to systematically assess climate-related hazards, exposure and vulnerability and to integrate the results through the country’s policy cycles, and do the same in the development of country programmes.

> learn more

Sector-level approaches to strengthening climate resilience

  • Align development co-operation policies with sectoral priorities for climate resilience set by the partner country.
  • Assess the climate resilience of sector-specific development interventions using suitable screening criteria and tools given the nature of the climate risks and broader socio-economic priorities (e.g. gender equality and social inclusion).
  • Use environmental impact assessments and strategic environmental assessments to systematically evaluate the environmental implications of the development co operation interventions (e.g. projects and policy support).
  • Support partner countries and their financial regulators in promoting knowledge exchange and capacity development for actors within the financial sector to better understand and manage climate risks and disclose related information.

> learn more

Financial management and instruments

  • Provide partner countries with technical support in assessing costs of actions to strengthen climate resilience.
  • Support the integration of climate resilience considerations into public financial management (e.g. budget tagging and expenditure reviews, financial protection strategies, subsidy and tax reforms).
  • Support partner countries in identifying, piloting and applying financial instruments and mechanisms, and where relevant, provide or catalyse finance for climate resilience initiatives.
  • Link development co-operation for financial inclusion with those for climate resilience.
  • Support capacity development initiatives to enhance access to climate finance, particularly in least developed countries and Small Island Developing States, as well as by local governments and civil society organisations.
  • Promote private-sector investment in climate resilience through e.g. blended finance, technical assistance for improving policy environments and capacity building in climate risk assessment and project development.

> learn more

Monitoring, evaluation and learning (MEL)

  • Align development co-operation MEL frameworks with national MEL systems and invest in local capacities to further develop existing systems and related capabilities.
  • Through stakeholder consultation, identify the key questions the MEL framework will address and support partner countries to develop a portfolio of complementary MEL tools for climate resilience.
  • Explore opportunities for aligning monitoring and reporting with established guidelines and standards that provide opportunities for aggregating data and information at the programme, national or international level.
  • Build on the data available to monitor and evaluate climate resilience and support partner countries to identify and address potential gaps consistent with the human and financial resources available.
  • Conduct a portfolio and qualitative content analysis to determine if the allocation of financial commitments reflects organisational priorities on climate change and supports partner countries in achieving set objectives.

> learn more

Enablers for actions

Data and information for implementation

  • Align development co operation interventions with partner countries’ domestic priorities for strengthening the capacity of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services, policy environments and financing models in support of weather and climate data, information and services.
  • Provide technical and financial support to enhance weather, water and climate observations and services including the development and operation of forecasting and early warning systems.
  • Support partner countries in enhancing their capacity to conduct climate risk assessments, e.g. through staff exchange, peer learning or dedicated financing schemes.
  • Facilitate participatory approaches to understanding local climate risks, and tailor climate and weather services to the capacities and constraints of users, including groups marginalised by e.g. their gender, race, age, (dis)ability and class identities.

> learn more

Awareness and capacity across levels of government

  • Support partner countries in strengthening individual and organisational capacity (e.g. sectoral ministries, sub-national governments, universities and other centres of excellence) to understand and address climate risks.
  • Support piloting of approaches to strengthening climate resilience with a focus on their sustained implementation, and future replication and scale-up.
  • Strengthen the providers’ own capacity to further improve their development co-operation interventions in support of climate resilience.

> learn more


  • Provide technical assistance for assessing the needs of partner countries for technologies in support of climate resilience, based on multiple economic, social and environmental criteria, including gender equality and social inclusion.
  • Support partner countries in establishing or strengthening domestic institutions and networks that facilitate the development, adoption and dissemination of technologies between or within countries.
  • Promote development and piloting of innovative technologies through dedicated interventions, e.g. in collaboration with the partner country’s government, the private sector, academic institutions and financial institutions.
  • Support partner countries in developing or strengthening supply- and demand-side policies to promote technology development and dissemination.

> learn more

Cite this content as: OECD (2021), Strengthening Climate Resilience: Guidance for Governments and Development Co-operation, OECD Publishing, Paris,