Checklist for national and sub-national governments
Multi-level governance and policy cycles
Build and maintain an inclusive governance arrangement that facilitates effective stakeholder engagement for transparent, participatory and gender-responsive decision making on climate resilience.
Empower local action by facilitating co-ordination and collaboration across levels of governance, and ensure that climate resilience strategies at national and sub-national levels are complementary and mutually reinforcing.
Develop governance arrangements that support adaptive decision-making processes for climate resilience in the context of the uncertainties presented by climate change.
Integrate climate risks and opportunities throughout the country’s policy cycle for sustainable development, making use of the National Adaptation Plan processes where relevant.
Sector-level approaches to strengthening climate resilience
Establish clear linkages between a country’s national-level climate goals and sector-level policies and plans on climate resilience.
Assess sector-specific climate hazards, analyse the exposure and vulnerability of key assets, stakeholders and natural capital within the sector, and identify actions to manage the climate risks, especially those to segments of society marginalised by e.g. their gender, race, age, (dis)ability and class identities.
Assess sector investment plans using suitable screening criteria and tools given the nature of the climate risks and broader socio-economic priorities (e.g. gender equality and social inclusion).
Use environmental impact assessments and strategic environmental assessments to systematically evaluate the environmental implications of the proposed sector-level policies, plans and projects on climate resilience.
Make the financial sector climate resilient by engaging with domestic financial institutions and regulators.
Identify climate resilience priorities and assess the associated financial needs.
Integrate climate resilience into public financial management (e.g. public investment, fiscal risk management, budget tagging and expenditure review, social protection, tax and subsidy reforms to generate resources for climate resilience).
Elevate the role of finance ministries in facilitating the prioritisation, provision and mobilisation of finance for climate resilience.
Maximise the benefits of risk insurance solutions as part of a comprehensive approach to manage climate risks.
Link action on financial inclusion and education with action on climate resilience.
Facilitate access of national and sub-national government entities, civil society and other domestic actors to climate finance from external sources.
Engage with the private sector to scale up investment in climate resilience (e.g. through policy reforms, knowledge exchange, capacity development, public-private partnerships and climate risk disclosure).
Awareness and capacity across levels of government
Strengthen individual and organisational capacity (including that of sectoral ministries, sub-national governments, universities and centres of excellence) to understand and address climate risks.
Establish the authority and mandate of the ministry, agency or unit in charge of climate resilience to convene different stakeholders and to co-ordinate and subsequently see through the implementation of agreed climate resilience priorities.
Support piloting of climate resilience approaches, complement these with clear exit strategies, and enhance capacities and institutions for sustained implementation, replication or scale-up.