Viet Nam

Youth Inclusion project - Viet Nam



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Viet Nam has entered the period of "golden population structure". In Viet Nam, young persons aged 15–24 currently account for one-quarter of the total population. This is the highest ever share of youths in the country, providing Viet Nam with a unique socio-economic development opportunity. But this potential can only be tapped if young people can access quality education, health care and decent employment, and participate in public life.

Viet Nam has made significant progress in achieving universal primary education, however, there are considerable differences in the enrolment as well as drop-out rates between groups of youth depending on their gender, ethnicity and place of residence. Moreover, young people in Viet Nam account for a large share of the labour market but not all of them are able to find jobs. The country faces the challenge of creating new jobs for its youths and equipping them with relevant skills for the growing services and manufacturing sectors. In times of rapid economic growth and profound social change, young people in Viet Nam face vulnerability to exploitation on the job, health risks and exposure to risky behaviours and violence.

Facing these challenges, the government developed the Vietnamese Youth Development Strategy for 2011-2020. The Strategy provides a framework for relevant ministries and sectors to provide a holistic response to young people’s needs and rights. To accomplish this goal, efforts need to be combined with sufficient budget allocation for youth-specific programmes, capacity building of youth-related ministries and institutions, and coordinated efforts among all stakeholders, including youths themselves.


Youth Inclusion project in Viet Nam focus studies:

  • Non-cognitive skills and youth well-being
  • Reforming vocational training for rural youth

Viet Nam Country Study




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Key issues affecting young people in Vietnam

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Project activities

To make Viet Nam’s economic boom more inclusive, invest more in the disadvantaged and rural youth, says new report

Economic and political reforms (Doi Moi), initiated in the mid-1980s, have transformed Viet Nam into one of the world’s fastest-growing economies. However, growth has produced fewer benefits for the poorest. The country also has yet to improve the well-being of a sizeable share of youth, especially those disadvantaged and in rural areas, according to the OECD Development Centre’s Youth Well-being Policy Review in Viet Nam

Viet Nam : Mid-term review workshop, 15 November 2016, Hanoi

On 15 November 2016, the OECD Development Centre and the Ministry of Home Affairs organized a workshop to review the first findings of the Youth Inclusion project.

Viet Nam: National training on Monitoring and Evaluation, 17-18 November 2016, Can Tho
As part of the capacity building objective of the project, the OECD together with the Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA) organised a training on Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) for 50  local government officials from six provinces working at province, district and commune levels.




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