Moldova 2022 Energy Policy Review
Moldova is largely dependent on fossil fuel and electricity imports, with the vast
majority of its natural gas imports coming from the Russian Federation. Moldova has
made considerable efforts to diversify their supply sources and increase the security
of both electricity and gas supply. Further integration with Europe for both gas and
electricity imports is ongoing as Moldova prioritises moving away from Russian sources
of energy. The March 2022 emergency synchronisation with ENTSO-E, triggered by Russia’s
invasion of Ukraine, has pushed Moldova closer to full electricity trade with Europe.
Since Moldova signed an Association Agreement with the European Union in 2014, it
has been working to adopt core EU legislation. Moldova’s National Energy Strategy
for 2030 reflects this work, with key government priorities including: ensuring the
security of energy supply; further developing competitive markets and integration
on a regional and European level; and ensuring the sustainability of the energy sector
while mitigating the effects of climate change. Increasing the share of renewables
in Moldova’s energy mix remains key to meeting the country’s priorities as it aims
to enhance regional and European integration.
This report assesses the energy sector and the related challenges facing Moldova,
and it proposes policy recommendations to improve energy security, support the development
of free and competitive energy markets, and accelerate its transition to a more sustainable,
clean and efficient energy system.
Available from October 13, 2022
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