Growth in Colombia has been among the strongest in the region, reflecting the flexible exchange rate and inflation targeting monetary policy, and fiscal rules. The strong growth and welfare programmes to the most vulnerable groups have substantially reduced poverty. Lower taxes and fees on wages have brought more people to better quality formal jobs, thereby raising both productivity and inclusiveness. Productivity and job opportunities have also been enhanced by recent reforms facilitating the opening of business, obtaining construction permits, registering property and paying taxes. However, productivity growth is still low and the gap between rich and poor among the highest in Latin America. Informality and gender gaps remain high, and social mobility low. Years of armed conflict, stringent local regulations and distortions in the tax system have created disparities in productivity and access to basic services across regions. Further simplifying procedures for company registration and the affiliation of workers to social security, improving labour market programmes, expanding early childhood education, and raising education quality would boost inclusion, social mobility and living standards. Greater and more affordable child, elderly and disability care would open the job market to more women. Raising productivity will be fundamental to continued increases in living standards for all Colombians.
SPECIAL FEATURES: PRODUCTIVITY; INCLUSIVE GROWTH
Developing countries are disproportionately affected by the rising trend of losses from climate-related extreme events. This paper uses case studies of Colombia and Senegal to examine how countries are using financial protection as part of their approaches to managing climate risks; it also identifies emerging priorities for development co-operation providers in supporting financial protection against climate risks.
Spanish, PDF, 441kb
El Programa de Desarrollo Comunitario (PDC) es una apuesta pedagógica y transformadora que busca aportar a la formación de comunidades participativas y autogestoras en los territorios donde la empresa generadora de energía ISAGEN tiene presencia. Caso de estudio de la Summer School “Comunidad y desarrollo local en América Latina”, organizada por el Centro OCDE LEED para el Desarrollo Local (Italia).
English, PDF, 1,299kb
Este informe preparado por la OCDE apoya la revisión de Colombia asumida por el comité de pesca de la OCDE como parte del proceso de acceso de Colombia a la OCDE. Esta es la traducción al español del reporte original.
English, PDF, 204kb
A two-page OECD summary and analysis of the Services Trade Restrictiveness Index results for Colombia.
English, PDF, 2,172kb
This country note presents student performance in science, reading and mathematics, and measures equity in education in Colombia.
English, PDF, 2,215kb
This background report prepared by the OECD supports the review of Colombia undertaken by the OECD Fisheries Committee as part of the process for Colombia’s accession to the OECD.