The Contribution of Migration to Regional Development
With many regions in OECD countries facing declining working age populations, the
geographical dimension of migration has become crucial for regional development. Where
migrants settle within countries and how much they contribute to the local economies
are important questions for policy makers. This report aims to address these questions
using two novel datasets that offer internationally comparable information on migration
and migrants' labour market integration across cities, towns and rural areas in OECD
countries. The report also analyses different dimensions of regional development and
provides new evidence on how migrants contribute to regional income, innovation, international
trade and labour markets.
80% of migrants are concentrated in metropolitan regions
Migrants are more concentrated in specific regions and cities than the native-born.
80% of all migrants live in metropolitan regions, i.e. regions with a metropolitan
area of more than 250 000 inhabitants.
Migration contributes to regional economic convergence
On average, a 10% increase in the migrant population share is associated with 0.15
percent higher regional income per capita with higher gains in poorer regions.
Migrants play a key role in essential services in cities and regions
Migrants account for 14% of key workers across European regions. Almost a quarter
of medical doctors and a fifth of nurses in cities are migrants.
Organised with the generous support of DG REGIO of the European Commission, the event provided novel insights on the contribution of migration to regional development in OECD countries. It also explored some of the major challenges and opportunities of migration across different territories and discuss the importance of granular data. The event bruoght together leading academic experts as well as policy makers to:
Discuss the challenges and opportunities of managing migration at the regional and local level
Explore new evidence on how migrants might contribute to regional development
Learn more about new data and methods to better understand migration and the challenges migrants face in regional labour markets